Artificial Intelligence, known as AI, has been around for a while, but with every year come massive improvements in its technology, deeming it one of the most flexible niches in all of the modern technology.
Artificial Intelligence has a simple definition; it is the science of developing a computer system to resemble the workings of the human mind. The machine should be independent and preferably be able to learn from memory the way an average person would. These are the artificial intelligence basic concepts.
Kinds of AI
There are four types of AI:
This is the most basic type of AI in the market. Answering machines cannot form memories or recall them. Instead, they work simply by making predictions for the future based on their underlying computer code. An archetypal example of a reactive machine is Deep Blue, which was created by IBM in the late 1990s and successfully won a chess match against Garry Kasparov. Kasparov was the best chess player of the time, yet he was beaten by Deep Blue, which goes to show how powerful even the most basic form of AI can be.
Machines with limited memory can learn from the past. Self-driving cars have this type of AI system within them, allowing them to learn from past mistakes and improve. That’s why the more you let a self-driving car run, the better it becomes. These machines collect experiences and store them as memories, and when the time comes for them to use these memories to better themselves, they do precisely that.
Theory of Mind:
There isn’t a correct theory of mind-machine in the market yet, but researchers and engineers are sure there will be in the future. Theory of mind machines will be very advanced and are going to be able to analyze real-life situations the way a human mind would, hence the name “theory of mind.”
We are yet to reach a level of technological development where AI can exercise self-awareness. A self-awareness machine aims to have a non-human device that functions just the way a human being would, mentally, but to an extent where it is independent of coding and human-reference mechanisms. The machine should be powerful enough to run independently and control itself without external help. Scientists also want self-aware machines to be able to reflect off their own “feelings” as well as the feelings of real people.
Artificial Intelligence Debate
The artificial intelligence debate knows no boundaries with people arguing in favor of it and firmly against it. Some people believe that intelligence and feelings are a purely human thing and should not be corrupted by including computers into it. Yet, some people have a different approach to the artificial intelligence debate; they believe that AI is beneficial for humans because it can help us achieve new horizons as the human race. Regardless of what stance you hold, though, one thing’s for sure: artificial intelligence is here to stay.