European cultural heritage is one of the main sources of tourism in Europe. Cultural Tourism is believed to make up about 40% of the total number of tourists visiting Europe. European cultural tourism is also an important way to enhance the image of Europe in the world, highlighting its diverse values that are the result of centuries-old cultural exchanges, linguistic diversity and creativity.
People who visit Europe believe that this is their last chance to learn about international cultural tourism. All of the products of international cultural tourism will present Europe as a leading destination for preserved heritage and real cultural knowledge. In 1990 the European Commission designated it as a key element in the development of Tourism in Europe. Since then, the European Association of Tourism and Leisure Education (ATLAS) has been conducting various studies on international cultural tourism with a view to promoting it.
The OECD report released in 2009 states the following:
Promoting and preserving values
Economic development and employment
Physical and economic regeneration
Strengthening and/or separating tourism
Saving the population
Improving cultural understanding
With the growing demand for cultural tourism, the European Union has also recognised the need to provide cultural attractions and revitalise its heritage sites for commercial purposes. Individual countries are beginning to work towards a competition to improve the national level of cultural tourism. Cultural Tourism is not just about destinations but about the journey itself. It is a journey of discovery and self-awareness.
Culturally rich areas in the European Union
Reasons for cultural visits are resilient as the motivations vary in many forms. Some visitors look for spirituality, while others look for art. Regardless of their cultural motives, other places in Europe should be seen as they teach people about the greatness of their ancestors and their intellectual way of life.
St. Peter’s Basilica
This Late Renaissance church stands as a centre of Catholicism from all parts of the world. The place where the church is located, Vatican Hill, is the place where Saint Peter, the great apostle, died and was buried in 64 AD. USt. Peter is considered the first pope, so it is possible to describe the construction of the main Catholic church in the area. All the paintings and drawings in the church are a real feast for the eyes. The area attracts tourists who want to learn the arts and architecture as part of their itinerary.
The Colosseum stands in the city of Rome as the largest Roman construction project. A theatre that could accommodate over 50,000 spectators was the city’s center of public entertainment. It was used to make gladiator battles, fairy tales, animal wars and even assassinations. The most remarkable feature of this magnum opus is its engineering versatile short-term techniques. Theatre is an independent subject studied in various aspects of Roman culture.
Clunaic sites in Europe
Cluny was a center of monastic change in the 10th century and gradually evolved into a church. The work of this church later led to the renewal of the medieval world by spreading Christianity, rethinking social relations and organising a better public space. The different architectural styles, unique harmonious architecture and sculptures and paintings of these Clunaic landscapes throughout Western Europe contribute to a remarkable legacy passed on to monks for generations to come.
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